In the first five months of 2016, more than 40,000 applications for asylum have been presented in Italy: 87% of cases were presented by men, while 1,870 requests were made by unaccompanied minors. One third of the applicants come from two countries: Pakistan and Nigeria. Between January and May, this year, the Territorial Committees examined 39,537 applications, two-thirds of which were rejected – a figured that has increased, if compared to 2015. During 2015, the requests in Italy were 84.000: a third more than the previous year.
The EUROSTAT figures for the 1st quarter of 2016 show a total 287,085 asylum applications in the EU – namely one third less than the last quarter of 2015. Italy, with 22 thousand requests, ranks second in Europe after Germany (175 thousand; 61%). In our country, the migrants who applied for asylum were especially from Pakistan (4,125; 18%), Nigeria (3,535; 16%) and The Gambia (1,940; 9%), while in the whole EU asylum seekers are mainly Syrians (36%), Afghans and Iraqis (12% each). This confirms the different origins of migratory flows to European countries. The asylum applications that are still pending are increasing more and more and have already reached 1 million (60 thousand in Italy). In the European Union, during 2015, a record 1 million 320,000 applications for asylum was reached in the Member States, more than twice the number of the previous year. The largest number of requests was recorded in Germany (476,000, over a third of the total), in Hungary (177,000) and Sweden (162,000).