On June 7, the European Commission presented an Action Plan on the integration of Third Country nationals to help Member States support the implementation of inclusive actions of third countries in order to enhance their economic and social contribution to the EU national economies.
In the document, integration is a pre-condition for inclusive, cohesive and flourishing societies. In the Action Plan, it is also stressed that it is a responsibility and common interest for various actors at the European, national, regional and local level to invest and work together to achieve integration. In particular, the recent arrival of asylum seekers has highlighted the need for a strengthening of the actions that have been carried out by now.
Based on Eurostat and the OECD latest data, the document underlines how the citizens of third countries in the EU face worse conditions than locals in areas such as work, education and social inclusion.
In light of this critical context, the Commission suggests a number of key areas of intervention (key policy priorities) and tools to support the process of integration of migrants in Europe.
Five are the key areas identified: 1) the measures that must be adopted for arrivals and departures, with particular attention to those who qualify for resettlement programs; 2) education; 3) employment and vocational training; 4) access to basic services in terms of adequate housing and health care; 5) active participation and social inclusion. With reference to this last point, the document gives special attention to the gender issue, the situation of children – especially unaccompanied minors – and to people in a vulnerable situation (victims of gender violence, persons belonging to ethnic and religious minorities).
In the conclusions, the European Commission shows the centrality of monitoring the results of integration policies by developing indicators.
Further information and documents can be downloaded here