According to the UNHCR, from the beginning of 2016 until October 5th, more than 310,000 migrants arrived in Europe (compared to over 1million people arrived in 2015). Out of the total amount of migrants arrived in Europe in 2016, 167,000 of them landed in Greece, with a flow that fell below the 4,000 units per month from April to now – this following the agreement between the EU and Turkey. Besides, 139,000 migrants landed in Italy from January until October 5th. Less than 4,000 people per month landed monthly in Spain. Half of the migrants who entered Greece during 2016 are Syrians, a quarter Afghans and 15% Iraqis – from Asia, which means that 90% are from the “most at war” countries in the world along with South Sudan: most of them are minors (37%) or women (21%), instead of men (41%). In Italy, on the contrary, 70% of migrants are men. The Italian situation is more varied, but people mostly come from Africa: Nigerians (19%), Eritreans (13%), then migrants from Sudan, Gambia and Ivory Coast (7% from each country), Guinea (6%), Somalia, Mali or Senegal (5% from each country). Among these, according to the 2016 Global Peace Index only Sudan and Nigeria can be considered as some of the “most at war” countries in the world, which are ranked 9th and 15th respectively. Finally, with regard to the 160,000 people that the EU is committed to relocate between September 2015 and September 2017, only 3.6%: 4,563 from Greece and 1,258 from Italy, of the total has been relocated so far: mainly to France, Finland, the Netherlands and Portugal. As for the number of asylum applications submitted in the first semester of 2016, they are more than 500,000, 61% of which recorded in Germany.
This year, during the days of the remembrance of the victims of migration, more than 6,000 migrants have been rescued on the Italian shores.